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10) Food Safety

Algino, R. J., S.C. Ingham, J. Zhu (2007). "Survey of Antimicrobial Effects of Beef Carcass Intervention Treatments in Very Small State-Inspected Slaughter Plants." Journal of Food Science 72(5): 173-179.

ABSTRACT: U.S. beef slaughter facilities are required to use a carcass intervention treatment to reduce contamination by Escherichia coli O157:H7. Very small beef slaughter operators generally are unable to carry out challenge studies to validate intervention treatment effectiveness, and in-plant pathogen challenge studies are not permitted.The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness, measured by decreases in generic E. coli, coliforms, Enterobacteriaceae, and aerobic plate count, of intervention treatments used at very small beef slaughter facilities in Wisconsin. Over a 9-mo period, 265 head of beef were sampled at 22 very small beef slaughter facilities before and after the intervention treatment. The interventions studied were dry-aging, low-pressure hot-water spray, highpressure hot-water spray,2.5%acetic acid spray,andFreshBloomTM (amixof citric acid, ascorbic acid,anderythorbic acid) spray. Sprays were applied using a hand-held nozzle (hot water) or a pump-type sprayer (acid). There was no significant difference (P > 0.10) between intervention treatments and all treatments caused significant reductions (P<0.10) in indicator organisms. Ranges in average reductions for generic E. coli, coliforms,and Enterobacteriaceae among the treatments were 0.6 to 2.0 log CFU/cm2, 0.7 to 2.2 log CFU/cm2, and 0.4 to 2.2 log CFU/ cm2, respectively. For all treatments, rapid decreases in cooler temperature and relative humidity significantly affected indicator reduction, and for hot-water washing, increasing spray time led to significantly greater reductions. Further studies using actual or simulated very-small-plant intervention treatments directly against E. coli O157:H7 would provide additional validation of treatment efficacy. Keywords: beef slaughter interventions, Escherichia coli, indicator bacteria

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